Since I have to look up these things at least twice a year I decided to write an extremely compressed summary about the GC types/settings in the .NET framework.
Warning: In order to deeply understand this topic look for a longer and deeper article (or even for a book). This is here just a refresher about the specific settings in .NET.
- Workstation GC:
-The default on non asp.net apps (like WPF, Console Application, etc…)
-GC is done by a single thread (only 1 thread!)
1.1 Concurrent Workstation GC
-Special Thread created by the CLR
-The GC thread runs concurrently with the other application threads most of the time, but occasionally it suspends all the other application threads for a short time)
-1.2 Non-Concurrent Workstation GC:
-There is no special GC thread. An application thread is picked by the GC and it does the job in this thread. In this case for any GC activity all the other threads must be suspended. Today there is no reason to use this. (or at least I don’t see any..)
- Server GC:
-There are multiple GC threads. (makes sense, because garbage collection algorithms can be parallelised very well)
2.1 Before .NET 4.5 (Non-Concurrent Server GC):
-There was no concurrent version of Server GC (meaning every application thread was blocked during GC -> introduced delays, but the garbage collection itself was still faster then in a Workstation GC, since the GC algorithm itself run in parallel)
2.2 After .NET 4.5 (Concurrent Server GC):
-Multiple, dedicated GC threads. This one is kind of the “Best of both worlds” solution